Health Service Categories and Careers


Medical/Clinical Genetics combines genetic studies and medicine. It applies genetic principles to pathology, health and health care. It involves gene mapping, inherited conditions, genetic mutations, and provides diagnosis and treatment of genetic disorders and diseases, which are often lifelong and require ongoing clinical management and care. Clinical Genetics involves genetic counselling, screening of fetus and newborns, gene testing, and collaboration with a variety of medical specialists to provide ongoing management and treatment of genetic conditions throughout a patient’s life. Practitioners are aware of technological progress and advances in this field and can provide expert advice during consultations.

Clinical Genetics subspecialties include: Biochemical genetics, Clinical cytogenetics and Molecular genetic pathology.

Genetics (Medical/Clinical) Jobs

Clinical Geneticists are experts in diagnosing and treating diseases that have a genetic origin. They deal with identifying problem genes and look at family history and what could be passed on through lineage that may be of concern. These physicians also look at chromosomal disorders, such as Down’s Syndrome and defects arising from birth. They manage and treat patients with a variety of genetic conditions, who often have ongoing health care needs throughout their life. Clinical Geneticists provide advice and educate their patient and their families. They provide long-term, coordinated, clinical management and specialist care of patients, in collaboration with other medical specialists, and within multi-disciplinary teams. They are often involved in research activities. To become a Clinical Geneticist, doctors undertake RACP Basic Training in Internal Medicine, and then Advanced Training in Clinical Genetics, a 3-year RACP program which leads to Fellowship and Specialist registration with AHPRA.