Health Service Categories and Careers


Haematology studies the blood and the pathophysiology, cause, diagnosis, prognosis, management, treatment and prevention of blood-related disorders. Haematological diseases can be congenital or acquired and include cancers, such as leukaemia and lymphomas; blood clotting disorders such as haemophilia and deep vein thrombosis; and deficiencies such as anaemia. It also deals with a range of other disorders which impact the blood or bone marrow. Haematology involves a molecular understanding of disease, with a clinical-laboratory approach. It can be studied as a subspecialty of Internal Medicine, or as a subspecialty of pathology. It includes transfusion medicine, and overlaps with Medical Oncology. Haematology is practiced in hospitals, private laboratories, private practice and academic or research institutions. In clinical settings, it often involves long-term management and relationships with patients and their families. Research is a significant component of Haematology. Advances in cell and molecular biology, expanded treatment options, and new technologies see Haematology Specialists well-placed to undertake interpretative analysis of clinical outcomes and provide expert opinion regarding patient management and care.

Haematology Jobs

Haematologists, or Haematology physicians, specialise in diagnosing and treating disease and disorders associated with the blood, bone marrow and lymphatic systems. Haematologists treat conditions, such as thrombosis, anaemia and coagulation that can be congenital or onset. They frequently have training in oncology and treat a high portion of cancer patients. They conduct blood counts, CT and MRI scans, and other diagnostic and laboratory testing. They analyse bloodwork, administer medications, and provide chemotherapy and other cancer treatment. Haematologists provide independent consultation with patients, manage and treat acute and chronic conditions in multidisciplinary teams, teach and mentor junior staff, and undertake research and further training. Haematologist roles can involve laboratory haematology and/or clinical practice. To become a Haematologists, doctors need to complete an advanced training program which leads to Fellowship and Specialist registration with the Medical Board of Australia (AHPRA). The Australasian College of Physicians (RACP) offers a 3-year program in Clinical Haematology, which can be undertaken after completing basic Internal Medicine training. The Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia (RCPA) offers a 5-year program in Haematology, available to doctors from PGY3+, or there is a joint Fellowship program through both colleges.

Registrars (Haematology) are registered doctors who have completed their medical degree and pre-vocational training (internship and residency/PGY2-3). They have attained general registration with AHPRA and can now undertake specialist/or vocational training positions to broaden and refine their scope of practice and gain experience, skills and competency in their chosen area of medicine. Registrars are very important members of the integrated and multi-disciplinary health care team. They have increasing responsibility for patient care, oversee and support junior doctors and staff, participate in professional development activities and continue to receive important guidance, training, and support from senior staff. They work in a range of primary, secondary, tertiary, clinical, laboratory and acute care settings, in hospitals, private practices and community clinics. Registered doctors at this level can further their career as Hospital Doctors or Career Medical Officers or pursue a medical specialty with further training and specialist registration. Registrars can pursue a career in Haematology by undertaking specialised advanced training in Haematology and its clinical practice, with either the RACP or RCPA. They work under Haematologists/specialist consultants and further develop procedural, laboratory and technical skills, clinical expertise, and valuable work experience in this field of medicine.