Emergency Medicine (EM) is concerned with assessing and stabilising patients who are suffering an acute or urgent injury or illness, and who require immediate medical attention and care. It deals with a variety of clinical presentations, and the full spectrum of physical and behavioural emergencies. Common presentations include chest pain, shortness of breath, trauma, abdominal pain, altered mental state disorders, and infectious disease. Underpinned by the medical sciences, including anatomy, pathology, physiology and pharmacology, Emergency Medicine training builds clinical skills in acute care, resuscitation, toxicology, sepsis, trauma, and analgesia. Other important elements are retrieval medicine, clinical communication, teamwork, and decision making relevant to critical care. Emergency Medicine is practiced in hospitals by specialised teams across emergency departments and other critical care units. Care is coordinated with emergency services in the out-of-hospital environment such as GP clinics, ambulances, or disaster locations. EM staff work in very busy, and sometimes overcrowded work environments.
Subspecialties in emergency medicine include: Emergency medicine (Anaesthesiology critical care medicine), Emergency medicine (Emergency medical services), Emergency medicine (Hospice and palliative medicine), Emergency medicine (Internal medicine/Critical care medicine),Emergency medicine (Medical toxicology), Emergency medicine (Pain medicine), Emergency medicine (Sports medicine), and Emergency medicine (Undersea and hyperbaric medicine).